From an administrative point of view, Bicaz Chei limestone deposit is located on the territory of the commune of Bicaz Chei, Neamt County, at the Southern-Western end, around 25 km West of the town of Bicaz. Access is made from DN 12C, Bicaz-Gheorgheni route.
The coordinates of BICAZ CHEI QUARRY are the following:
- Geographical coordinates (GPS coordinates) - 46,819563 / 25,855379
Coordinates in the Stereographic projection system 1970
X = 590.700
Y = 565.100
The quarry is located in the vicinity of the national park Cheile Bicazului-Hasmas ROSCI0027.
From a geographic point of view, Bicaz Chei limestone deposit is located on the right flank of Bicaz Valley, in the Southern sector of the calcareous massif of Munticelu-Surducul Mare.
Within the mining perimeter, the morphology of the land suffered transformations due to excavations, processing of the useful material and building of roads.
From a geological point of view, the deposit is part of the Crystalline-Mesozoic area or the Eastern Carpathians.
The geological structure is complicated, the foundation of the area consisting of crystalline formations (gneisses, mica shale, amphibolites, quartzites, graphite shale, and so on), disproportionally superposed by sedimentary deposits settled during the Triassic-Jurassic-Cretaceous.
Morphologically, the area rises up to altitudes of 900-1100 m, with a very rough relief, with high level differences (300-400m).
Due to the resistance of the limestone in the area, these form a specific predominant relief, contrasting with the monotony of the peaks in the crystalline shale or flysch formations.
The restoration concept of the quarry is focused on the needs of blending the quarry site into the surrounding landscape by incorporating the high cliff faces with deep slopes and sparsely vegetated alpine meadows.
The analyzed area is located in the middle mountainous subfloor, a floor stretching from 575 m, to 1100 m altitude. The wood vegetation consists of beech arboretum in combination with pine spruce, and, more rarely, a combination of beech and fir. The deforested versants are covered by secondary grasslands consisting mainly of Festuco rubrae-Agrostetum capillaris association.
Many types of habitats are found in the quarry and the adjacent area: acidophilus forests of Picea abies, grasslands (on the banks of mountainous rivers), rocky flanks with chasmophytic vegetation on calcareous rocks.
Because of the human intervention in the area, herbal vegetal associations no longer fully keep their natural characteristics and present a specific modified composition due to the installation of ruderal species.
The invertebrate fauna is very rich, insects accounting for the biggest share. The following main vertebrates are found: mountain lizard, common viper, birds: hoopoe, cuckoo, forest lark, mountain chickadee, owl (species of community interest).